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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 14(6); 2013 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2013;14(6): 927-933.
K. PARK1, S. J. HEO1, D. O. KANG2, J. I. JEONG1, J. H. YI1, J. H. LEE1, K. W. KIM3
1Kookmin University
2Institute of Design Optimization
3Kumho Tire
This paper presents robust design optimization method to reduce steering pull phenomenon. One of the biggest causes of steering pull phenomenon is tolerance of suspension system such as hard point, spring, damper and bush. Therefore, the relationship between suspension systems and steering pull phenomenon has as nonlinear characteristics. But, it can be very difficult to evaluate the analytical design sensitivity. Thus, it is impossible to directly apply a well-developed optimization algorithm based on gradient information. To avoid these difficulty, this study uses sequential approximation optimization process based on a meta-model. The robust design process has 28 random design variables with tolerance. For efficient design process, the sample variances for the design goals are approximated from meta-models. The proposed approach required only 62 evaluations until it converged. Optimal design reduced the drift by 80% and its deviation by 38.7%, respectively. This result proves that the suggested design method of suspension system is effective and useful.
Key Words: Vehicle dynamics, Modeling and simulation, Steering pull, Robust design optimization
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