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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 15(2); 2014 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2014;15(2): 317-324.
FATIGUE LIFE PREDICTION OF A RUBBER MATERIAL BASED ON DYNAMIC CRACK GROWTH CONSIDERING SHEAR EFFECT
H. J. KIM1, M. W. SONG1, H. I. MOON2, H. KIM3, H. Y. KIM1
1Kangwon National University
2Hyudai Mobis
3Incheon Technopark
ABSTRACT
This paper suggests a fatigue life calculation method (A fatigue life calculation method is suggested) for rubber components based on the dynamic crack growth considering shear effect. Dynamic tearing tests were carried out, and the crack length was measured using an optical microscope to calculate the dynamic crack growth rate which characterizes and determines the fatigue life. The algorithm was numerically implemented in finite element code, ABAQUS standard, by using the user subroutine and applied to several rubber components. In the finite element analysis, deformation mode of an element was classified into tension and shear, and a weighting factor was multiplied to a strain energy density according to the degree of shear strain. Tension and compression of an elliptic dumbbell specimen was simulated in order to verify the material parameters of the suggested fatigue life prediction equation and to enhance the reliability of the algorithm. Finally, the fatigue life of a vehicle suspension bushing was calculated and compared with test. There were good agreements in the failure location and the magnitude of the fatigue life.
Key Words: Tearing energy, Dynamic crack growth, Fatigue life, Shear effect, Finite element method
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