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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 15(4); 2014 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2014;15(4): 525-533.
EVALUATION AND VISUALIZATION OF STRATIFIED ULTRA-LEAN COMBUSTION CHARACTERISTICS IN A SPRAY-GUIDED TYPE GASOLINE DIRECT-INJECTION ENGINE
C. W. PARK1, H. C. OH2, S. D. KIM1, H. S. KIM1, S. Y. LEE1, C. S. BAE2
1KIMM
2KAIST
ABSTRACT
To comply with reinforced emission regulations for harmful exhaust gases, including carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted as a greenhouse gas, improved technologies for reducing CO2 and fuel consumption are being developed. Stable lean combustion, which has the advantage of improved fuel economy and reduced emission levels, can be achieved using a sprayguided- type direct-injection (DI) combustion system. The system comprises a centrally mounted injector and closely positioned spark plugs, which ensure the combustion reliability of a stratified mixture under ultra-lean conditions. The aim of this study is to investigate the combustion and emission characteristics of a lean-burn gasoline DI engine. At an excess air ratio of 4.0, approximately 23% improvement in fuel economy was achieved through optimal event timing, which was delayed for injection and advanced for ignition, compared to that under stoichiometric conditions, while NOx and HC emissions increased. The combustion characteristics of a stratified mixture in a spray-guided-type DI system were similar to those in DI diesel engines, resulting in smoke generation and difficulty in three-way catalystutilization. Although a different operating strategy might decrease fuel consumption, it will not be helpful in reducing NOx and smoke emissions; therefore, alternatives should be pursued to achieve compliance with emission regulations.
Key Words: Gasoline direct-injection engine, Stratified lean combustion, Late injection, Flame visualization, Multiple injection strategy
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