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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 3(1); 2002 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2002;3(1): 33-39.
A STUDY ON A CATALYTIC CONVERTER OBD BEFORE LIGHT-OFF
Seung Won Yun1, Geon Seog Son1, Kwi Young Lee2
1Neophotech
2Institute for Advanced Engineering
ABSTRACT
Increasingly stringent emission regulations of EU and CARB (California Air Resource Board) require mandatory OBD (On Board Diagnostics) for the catalytic converters of a vehicle. It demands that MIL(Malfunction Indication Light) should be turned on to inform the driver of catalytic converter failures. Currently dual oxygen sensor method is widely used for the converter OBD. However, since it works only after converter light-off, it has a serious limitation when applied to TLEV or more stringent emission regulations where more than 85% of total emission is coming out before converter light-off. In addition, a recent development in catalyst meterial, coating technology and additive catalyst leads to a much improved OSC (Oxygen Storage Capacity) after converter light-off, current methods are very difficult to determine levels of converter aging. Therefore, it is desired to develop an OSC detecting method before converter light-off to diagnose converter failures with higher reliability. In this study, OSCs of converters are measured by an absolute measuring method and a dynamic measuring method, and some of fundamental ideas are suggested about converter OBD before converter light-off. The converters are aged with two different aging methods; those are a furnace aging and an engine bench aging to represent aging conditions in actual field applications. Dual oxygen sensor method at the lower temperature than light-off is also studied at a model gas bench with the converters. It is found that there is a certain point in temperature lower than light-off where difference due to aging level becomes maximum, thus a proper dynamic method to effectively monitor catalytic converters could be implemented for the range lower than light-off temperatures. With this result, the aging level of converters is examined at an engine bench.
Key Words: OSC, OBD, Dual oxygen sensor, Converter light-off
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