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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 17(4); 2016 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2016;17(4): 555-566.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-016-0056-3
MODEL BASED BURNT GAS FRACTION CONTROLLER DESIGN OF DIESEL ENGINE WITH VGT/DUAL LOOP EGR SYSTEM
H. JUNG, S. CHOI
KAIST
ABSTRACT
Recently, regulation of NOx and PM emission in diesel engines has become stricter and the EGR system has been expanded into a dual loop EGR system to increase EGR rate as well as to utilize exhaust gas strategically. In terms of engine combustion characteristics, burnt gas fraction is becoming an important factor of solving the NOx and PM emission reduction problem more efficiently but conventional controller focused only pressure and air flow rate targets. Unlike the previous studies, this paper describes a model based burnt gas fraction control structure for a diesel engine with a dual loop EGR and a turbocharger. Feedforward control inputs based on burnt gas fraction states aids in the precise control of diesel engines, especially in transient states by considering coupled behavior within the system. For the controller validation, a control oriented reduced order model of a diesel engine air management system is established to simplify the control input computation and its stability is proved by analysing the internal dynamics stability. Then, a sliding mode controller is designed and controller robustness at certain operating points is validated using an HiLS bench.
Key Words: Nonlinear system, Reduced order model, Sliding mode control, Diesel engine air path system, Mean value model
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