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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 4(1); 2003 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2003;4(1): 21-30.
EVALUATION OF ROAD-INDUCED NOISE OF A VEHICLE USING EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH
S. J. HEO, K. H. KO, H. KOOK
Kookmin University
ABSTRACT
In this paper a systematic test procedure for evaluation of road-induced noise of a vehicle and guidelines for each test are presented. Also, a practical application of the test procedure to a small SUV is presented. According to the test procedure, all the tests were performed to evaluate road-induced booming noise that is in low frequency range. First of all the information on characteristics of road-induced noise was obtained through baseline test. Coupling effects between body structure and acoustic cavity of a compartment were obtained by means of modal tests for a structure and an acoustic cavity. Local stiffness of joint areas between chassis system and car-body was determined by test for measurement of input point inertance. Noise sensitivities of body joints to operational forces were obtained through test for measurement of noise transfer functions. Operational deflection shapes made us analyze behaviors of chassis system under running condition and then find sources of noise due to resonance of the chassis system. Finally, Principal Component Analysis and Transfer Path Analysis were utilized to investigate main paths of road-induced noise. In order to evaluate road-induced booming noise exactly, all of tests mentioned above should be performed systematically.
Key Words: Road-induced noise, Test procedure, Transfer path analysis, Principal component analysis, Noise senditivity
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