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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 18(1); 2017 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2017;18(1): 1-17.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-017-0001-0
D. S. EOM1, S. H. KANG1,*, S. W. LEE2
1Graduate School of Automotive Engineering, Kookmin University, Seoul 02707, Korea
2Department of Automotive Engineering, Kookmin University, Seoul 02707, Korea
PDF Links Corresponding Author.  S. H. KANG , Email. seokhokang@kookmin.ac.kr
Received: August 5, 2015; Revised: February 29, 2016   Accepted: April 3, 2016.
This research attempted to analyze nanoparticles and other harmful exhaust emissions in accordance with injection strategies and air-fuel ratio (AFR) changes for small diesel engines. The emission characteristics were analyzed in the medium-speed condition, which is the main driving range of a diesel engine. In the case of particulate matter (PM), the number of particles was measured, analyzed, and compared to identify the correlation and emission characteristics of nanoparticles by using a dilution device and condensation particle counter (CPC), which are international standards for particle measurement recommended by the Particulate Measurement Programme (PMP). The engine torque tended to be reduced as pilot injections were added, and the torque was increased by the increased boost pressure, but reduced by the exhaust pressure increase in a part of the low-load range. The number of nanoparticles was not influenced greatly by the change in AFR, but the reduction effect on the PM weight was great depending on the boost pressure increase. In addition, the number of nanoparticles tended to increase as the fuel injection timing became closer to TDC in all conditions, and its difference became larger with an increase in AFR. In addition, in the case of the pilot injection, nanoparticle emission showed similar characteristics depending on the main injection timing, but it was increased by advanced injection timing when performing the main injection only, and the number of the nanoparticles increased as pilot injections were added. Last, the optimal conditions for EMS calibration were analyzed by selecting the conditions of torque reduction and NOx increase within 5 % from all of the engine operating conditions; optimized conditions are presented.
Key Words: Nanoparticle, Particulate Measurement Programme (PMP), Injection timing, Pilot injection, Boost pressure
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