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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 18(1); 2017 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2017;18(1): 19-29.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-017-0002-z
INFLUENCE OF RAIL PRESSURE ON A TWO-STAGE TURBOCHARGED HEAVY-DUTY DIESEL ENGINE UNDER TRANSIENT OPERATION
Z. C. LIU, K. B. YU, J. TIAN, Y. Q. HAN, S. L. QI, P. K. TENG
State Key Laboratory of Automotive Simulation and Control, Jilin University, Changchun 130025, China
Correspondence  J. TIAN ,Email: jingtian@jlu.edu.cn
Received: May 23, 2016; Revised: June 27, 2016   Accepted: July 1, 2016.
ABSTRACT
The demand for continually improving the transient performance of diesel engines requires higher rail pressure and more efficient turbocharger. Before the test, a two-stage turbocharger with a turbine by-pass valve (TBV) had been matched reasonably with the base engine. In order to reduce smoke emission under the typical 5-second transient process of constant speed and increasing torque, the influence of rail pressure on combustion, emissions and performance characteristics was experimentally investigated. The results showed that the two-stage turbocharger was helpful in improving transient performance. Moreover, the full-stage rail pressure (FSRP) strategies (increasing rail pressure during the whole transient process) could reduce smoke emission when the TBV was closed. However, smoke deteriorated once TBV opening got larger. Then the sectional-stage rail pressure (SSRP) strategies (increasing rail pressure from a pre-set load to 100 % load) were presented under small TBV opening to improve in-cylinder thermal condition. Hence, the air-fuel mixing process was improved at medium and large loads. Then the maximum decline of smoke opacity peak was 56.3 %, which happened under 10 % TBV opening. In addition, fuel consumption of FSRP strategies got worse under larger TBV opening. However, this deterioration situation could be effectively restrained by the utilization of SSRP strategies.
Key Words: Diesel engine, Two-stage turbocharger, Transient operation, Full-stage rail pressure, Sectional-stage rail pressure
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