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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 18(1); 2017 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2017;18(1): 41-48.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-017-0004-x
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF COLD STORAGE HEAT EXCHANGER FOR ISG VEHICLE
D. W. LEE
R&D Division, Halla-Visteon Climate Control Corporation, 95 Sinilseo-ro, Daedok-gu, Daejeon 34325, Korea
Correspondence  D. W. LEE ,Email: dlee6@hvccglobal.com
Received: October 21, 2016; Revised: April 16, 2015   Accepted: May 16, 2016.
ABSTRACT
−The ISG (Idle Stop and Go) system isvery useful in the automobile industry because it increases fuel consumption and reduces green house gas emissions. However, when the engine is on standby, the air-conditioning system does not work due to compressor inactivity, causing thermal discomfort to passengers. This study examines the thermal storage system, which is a cold storage heat exchanger integrated with a current evaporator. The experiments were conducted for an optimum cold storage heat exchanger design with various fin heights and densities, a number of stacking evaporator plates, refrigerant flow circuits inside the evaporator, and PCMs (Phase Change Materials) in the heat exchanger. The effects of coldness-release performance were examined with various ambient temperatures and air flow volume rates to the cold storage heat exchanger. The visualization of PCM’s freezing and melting was conducted with the cold storage heat exchanger. From the results, we found that the air discharge temperature of the air-conditioning system that was applied to the optimum cold storage heat exchanger was delayed around 540 seconds compared to the current air-conditioning system to reach 24 °C. Thus we can say that the cold storage heat exchanger integrated with an evaporator is an effective solution for ISG vehicles in maintaining thermal comfort in vehicle cabins during short engine stops.
Key Words: Cold storage heat exchanger, Evaporator, Fuel saving, ISG, Latent heat, PCM, Thermal comfort, Thermal storage system
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