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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 18(2); 2017 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2017;18(2): 317-325.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-017-0032-6
EFFECT OF NOZZLE ORIFICE DIAMETER ON DIESEL SPRAY TIP PENETRATION ACCORDING TO VARIOUS SPRAY MODELS FOR CFD SIMULATION WITH WIDELY VARYING BACK PRESSURE
C. H. LEE
Seoul National University of Science and Technology
ABSTRACT
CFD simulations of spray tip penetration with the standard KIVA3V, ‘original gas jet’ and ‘Normal gas jet profile with breakup length formula’ (NGJBL) spray models were performed to investigate the effects of nozzle orifice size and ambient gas density combinations on the spray penetration. The accuracy of the CFD simulation results was estimated by comparing them with available experimental data. The ambient gas density was varied in 12 kg/m3 intervals from 12 to 69 kg/m3 for each nozzle orifice diameter. The nozzle orifice diameters used were 119, 140, 183 and 206 mm. A total of 20 cases in the CFD simulations were considered with combinations of the 4 nozzle orifice diameters and 5 ambient gas densities. CFD simulations with the NGJBL spray model were more accurate than those with either the standard KIVA3V or gas jet spray models as the nozzle orifice diameter and ambient gas density was increased. The NGJBL and original gas jet model is more effective in predicting the spray tip penetration near the nozzle tip region.
Key Words: Diesel engines, Nozzle orifice diameter, Spray tip penetration, Ambient gas density, CFD simulation
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