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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 18(6); 2017 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2017;18(6): 959-971.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-017-0094-5
COMPARATIVE INVESTIGATION ON THE AERODYNAMIC EFFECTS OF COMBINED USE OF UNDERBODY DRAG REDUCTION DEVICES APPLIED TO REAL SEDAN
Junho Cho1, Tae-Kyung Kim2, Kyu-Hong Kim1, Kwanjung Yee1
1Seoul National University
2LG Electronics
ABSTRACT
To reduce the aerodynamic drag, the performance of the underbody aerodynamic drag reduction devices was evaluated based on the actual shape of a sedan-type vehicle. An undercover, under-fin, and side air dam were used as the underbody aerodynamic drag reduction devices. In addition, the effects of the interactions based on the combination of the aerodynamic drag reduction devices were investigated. A commercial sedan-type vehicle was selected as a reference model and its shape was modeled in detail. Aerodynamic drag was analyzed by computational fluid dynamics at a general driving speed on highway of 120 km/h. The undercover reduced the slipstream area through the attenuation of the longitudinal vortex pair by enhancing the up-wash of underflow, thereby reducing the aerodynamic drag by 8.4 %. The under-fin and side air dam showed no reduction in aerodynamic drag when they were solely attached to the actual complex shape of the underbody. Simple aggregation of the effects of aerodynamic drag reduction by the individual device did not provide the accurate performance of the combined aerodynamic drag reduction devices. An additional aerodynamic drag reduction of 2.1 % on average was obtained compared to the expected drag reduction, which was due to the synergy effect of the combination.
Key Words: Computational fluid dynamics, Aerodynamic drag, Underbody drag reduction device, Undercover, Under-fin, Side air dam
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