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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 18(6); 2017 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2017;18(6): 1017-1025.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-017-0099-0
MATHEMATICAL MODEL VALIDATED BY A CRASH TEST FOR STUDYING THE OCCUPANT’S KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS IN A CARS’ FRONTAL COLLISION
Radu Alexandru Ionut, Cofaru Corneliu, Tolea Bogdan
Transilvania University of Brasov
ABSTRACT
The aim of the paper was to determine the kinematic parameters that influence the occupant injury risk through a mathematical model. The developed model is a 2D model composed of 4 bodies (2 vehicles, thorax and head). The head and thorax are interconnected with a rotation joint and a torsion spring meant to stiffen the relative movement between the bodies. The thorax is connected with the vehicle body by a linear spring meant to simulate the seatbelt stiffness. The model was solved using Lagrange principle and the validation of the model was made through a crash test performed using the same initial conditions and comparing the obtained values of the displacement, velocity and acceleration parameters with the ones obtained with the mathematical model. The head and torso were chosen due to the fact that they are the common parts of the body that get injured, especially the head with the change of 80 % to cause fatal injury in car’s frontal collision. Once the model was validated, the stiffness of the seatbelt was modified in order to determine the behavior of the occupant in case of car frontal collisions. When the seatbelt stiffness was reduced, the occupant displacement and velocity increased, while by increasing the stiffness, these parameters decreased. The values of the developed model presented a high degree of similarity with the results obtained from the crash test with an error of 10 %. This model can be used by engineers to easily asses the occupant injury risk in case of vehicle frontal collisions.
Key Words: Safety, Collision, Occupant, Mathematical model, Kinetic energy, Potential energy, Crash test, Dummy
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