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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 19(2); 2018 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2018;19(2): 233-243.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-018-0022-3
RELIABILITY OF NANOFLUID CONCENTRATION ON THE HEAT TRANSFER AUGMENTATION IN ENGINE RADIATOR
Ibrahim Elbadawy, Mohamed Elsebay, Mohamed Shedid, Mohamed Fatouh
Helwan University
ABSTRACT
Nanofluids, the fluid suspensions of nanomaterial, became a promising fluid that is invoked when heat transfer increase is required. Using of nanofluids as a coolant in the engine radiators is a crucial topic for the thermal engines manufactrers due to the expected enhancement in the cooling process. In this study, Two nanofluids (Al2O3/water and CuO/water) flowing in a flat tube of radiator are investigated numerically to evaluate thermal and flow performance. The resizing process for the radiator is performed by using nanofluid instead of water flow. A significant reduction in the radiator volume is achieved due to marked improvement in the heat transfer performance while, the required pumping power after this reduction in the volume is increased over that needed for base fluid. The normalized heat transfer (heat transfer to the pumping power) is found to be a function of both Reynolds number and nanofluid concentration ratio while the ratio of the normalized heat transfer is found to be dependent only on the nanofluid concentration ratio. These dependencies are formulated as general correlations.
Key Words: Sizing, Radiator, Heat transfer enhancement, Concentration ratio, Nanofluids
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