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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 19(2); 2018 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2018;19(2): 313-321.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-018-0030-3
NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF THE MIXTURE FORMATION IN A TWO-STROKE WALL-GUIDED LPG DI ENGINE FOR EXTENDED-RANGE ELECTRIC VEHICLE
Xu Boyan1, Jiang Longlong1, Sun Chaodong1, Liu Yingchun4
1Shandong Jianzhu University
4Weifang Institute of Technology
ABSTRACT
The use of automotive LPG characteristics which are easy to evaporate vaporization and carry. The paper presents a design of extended-range electric vehicle for wall-guided two stroke LPG engine with direct injection combustion system. Based on the modified vehicle LPG spray model, a database describing the characteristics of vehicle LPG fuel was built and imported into the CFD software. And the accuracy of the model is verified by the Schlieren experimental results. The concentration and velocity field of the mixture in the cylinder under different load conditions are numerically analyzed. The analyzed result indicated that the start injection time θ = 60°−70°CA BTDC under part load condition, the plug electrode near the gathering of a richer mixture is easy to be fired at spark ignition time, the obvious formation of mixture in cylinder is formed and the overall air-fuel ratio is above 40 : 1. The start-transition working condition and large load conditions in the piston moves upward before closing the exhaust port to start injection LPG. The optimized LPG injection start time θ ensures that the fresh gas is locked in the cylinder when the exhaust port is closed (63°CA ABDC). In the ignition time of the spark plug, an ideal homogeneous mixture in the cylinder is realized.
Key Words: LPG, Extended-range electric vehicle, Two-stroke direct injection engine, Wall-guided combustion system, Numerical simulation
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