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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 19(4); 2018 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2018;19(4): 643-650.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-018-0061-9
POTENTIAL OF REAL-TIME CYLINDER PRESSURE ANALYSIS BY USING FIELD PROGRAMMABLE GATE ARRAYS
Jan Pfluger1, Rene Savelsberg1, Thomas H1, Stefan Pischinger4, Jakob Andert4
1FEV Europe GmbH
4RWTH Aachen University
ABSTRACT
In this paper, a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) was used to implement a real-time cylinder pressure analysis. The goal of the project was to improve the accuracy of calculated heat release and center of combustion calculations to enhance the precision of engine control functions. Compared to today’s real-time pressure analysis systems, several additional physical effects were taken into account for this objective. The wall heat transfer was calculated based on the approach published by Hohenberg. A chemical equilibrium with six substances was assumed for the mixture composition and a real-time calculation method was developed. Furthermore, a two-zone model was adapted and implemented for this realtime analysis. The validation of the results and the rating of the improvement in precision were based on GT-SUITE simulation results as an offline reference tool. Compared to state-of-the-art analysis systems, it was possible to reduce the average error of the center of combustion position from 1.6° to 0.5° crank angle (CA) by taking the investigated effects into account. Moreover, it was possible to significantly reduce the time required for the calculation from one complete combustion cycle to 0.2°CA at an engine speed of 3,000 rpm by using a continuous calculation method on the FPGA. This led to an additional improvement of the ability to control the engine, especially under highly dynamic operation conditions.
Key Words: Cylinder pressure indication and analysis, Real-time simulation, FPGA, Combustion control
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