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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 20(2); 2019 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2019;20(2): 411-421.
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF PARTICULATE EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS FROM A GASOLINE DIRECT INJECTION ENGINE DURING STARTING PROCESS
Yan Su1, Fangxi Xie1, Wei Hong1, Xiaoping Li1, Tingting Hu2
1Jilin University
2Jilin Entry Exit Inspect & Quarantine Bur
PDF Links Corresponding Author.  Fangxi Xie , Email. xiefx2011@jlu.edu.cn
ABSTRACT
The engine starting process presents high particulate emissions in exhaust. This study gives a systematic investigation on particulate emission characteristics, including particulate matter (PM) mass, soluble organic fraction (SOF) mass, C10-C26 n-Alkanes and particle-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), that have been emitted from a gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine measured by Gas chromatography–mass spectrometry during starting period. The results show that particulate emissions under the warm coolant start condition decline dramatically compared with the cold start condition. 90 % of particulate number (PN) emitted during the cold and warm start periods generally are nucleation-mode particles. Over 50 % PM mass and PAHs emissions are emitted in the first 0−13 s stage. SOF mass accounts more than 60 % in PM mass emissions, especially under the warm coolant start condition. Some C23-C26 n-Alkanes are detected under the cold start condition which demonstrates that partial particulate composition directly comes from lubricant. The concentration of the two ring PAHs is the lowest among PAHs while the four to six ring PAHs are higher under the cold start operation. The toxicity of PAHs which is evaluated by Benzo(a)pyrene equivalent toxicity (BEQ) value of the total PAHs emissions shows a decline of 66.83 % under the warm start condition.
Key Words: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Particulate matter emission, Gasoline direct injection engine, Start condition
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