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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 22(3); 2021 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2021;22(3): 569-577.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-021-0053-z
A STUDY OF PREDICTION BASED ON REGRESSION ANALYSIS FOR REAL-WORLD CO2 EMISSIONS WITH LIGHT-DUTY DIESEL VEHICLES
Junepyo Cha1, Junhong Park2, Hyoungwook Lee1, Mun Soo Chon1
1Korea National University of Transportation
2National Institute of Environmental Research
PDF Links Corresponding Author.  Mun Soo Chon , Email. mschon@ut.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
The objective in present study is to develop a regression analysis model to estimate real-world CO2 emissions of light-duty diesel vehicles considering domestic road conditions. For regression analysis variables, OBD data such as vehicle speed, acceleration, engine speed (rpm), and engine power were used. Regression analysis results were compared with CO2 emissions measured using PEMS on the test routes of the real driving emissions-light duty vehicles (RDE-LDV). In results, the vehicle speed and air/fuel data from the OBD signals maintained a linear relationship with the GPS and exhaust gas flowmeter-based vehicle speed and exhaust flow data. All determination coefficients were ≥0.99, indicating that the OBD data provided by the test vehicle in this study exhibited strong reliability. To investigate the accuracy of the regression equation estimated using the trip variables of the OBD data, the driving variables were substituted into the equation to obtain CO2 estimations and the real CO2 emissions measured using PEMS were compared. A strong linear relationship was observed between the regression equation-based CO2 estimations and real CO2 measurements. The determination coefficient was approximately 0.93, supporting the reliability of the estimation results.
Key Words: Light-Duty Vehicle (LDV), Regression Analysis, Real-World CO2
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