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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 23(3); 2022 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2022;23(3): 717-728.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-022-0065-3
INFLUENCING FACTORS OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE ECONOMY BASED ON CONTINUOUSLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION
Bing Fu 1,2, Taiping Zhu 1, Jingang Liu 1,2, Youhong Zhao 1,2, Jianwen Chen 3
1School of Mechanical Engineering, Xiangtan University
2Engineering Research Center of Complex Track Processing Technology & Equipment, Ministry of Education, Xiangtan University
3Jianglu Machinery Group Co., Ltd.
PDF Links Corresponding Author.  Bing Fu  , Email. fubing@xtu.edu.cn
ABSTRACT
The wide speed ratio range and continuously variable ratio characteristics of continuously variable transmission (CVT) can effectively improve the energy economy of electric vehicle (EV). However, the relatively low mechanical efficiency and high hydraulic loss limit its application in EV. Therefore, an electric CVT configuration based on electric oil pump (EOP) is proposed, a dynamic model of the EV equipped with CVT is constructed and verified through bench tests, subsequently the model is used to study the factors affecting the energy economy of EV in driving cycles. The simulation results indicate that reasonable selection of speed ratio range can reduce power loss and improve energy consumption economy, optimized speed ratio matching strategy can effectively improve electric drive efficiency, and adopting EOP to supply oil can decrease hydraulic loss. The analysis results provide a clear reference for further exploring the energy-saving potential of EV equipped with CVT.
Key Words: Continuously variable transmission, Electric vehicle, Efficiency, Speed ratio control, Electric oil pump
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