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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 7(1); 2006 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2006;7(1): 17-23.
STUDY ON PRE-MIXTURE COMBUSTION IN A SUB-CHAMBER TYPE CVC WITH MULTIPLE PASSAGE HOLES
J. S. PARK, J. K. YEOM, T. W. LEE, J. Y. HA, S. S. CHUNG
Dong-a University
ABSTRACT
An experimental study was carried out to obtain the fundamental data about the effect of sub-chamber on pre-mixture combustion. A CVC (constant volume combustor) divided into a sub-chamber and a main chamber was used in this experiment. The volume of the sub-chamber was varid from 0.45% to 1.4% about the whole combustion chamber. The sub-chamber has twelve narrow radial passage holes and a spark plug to ignite the pre-mixture. As the ignition occurs in the sub-chamber by a spark discharge, burned and unburned gas including a great number of radicals is injected into the main chamber, then the multi-point ignition occurs in the main chamber. The combustion pressure is measured to calculate the burning velocity mainly as a function of the sub-chamber volume, the diameter of the passage holes, and the equivalence ratio. In the case of RI (radical ignition) methods, the overall burning time became very short and the maximum burning pressure was slightly increased as compared with that of SI (spark ignition) method. The optimum design value of the sub-chamber is near 0.11 cm.1 in the ratio of total area of holes to the sub-chamber volume.
Key Words: Sub-chamber, Pre-mixture, Multiple passage holes, Multi-point ignition, Radical ignition
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