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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 9(6); 2008 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2008;9(6): 741-747.
PREDICTION OF FATIGUE LIFE AND ESTIMATION OF ITS RELIABILITY ON THE PARTS OF AN AIR SUSPENSION SYSTEM
K. J. JUN, T. W. PARK, S. H. LEE, S. P. JUNG, J. W. YOON
Ajou University
ABSTRACT
Air suspension systems have been implemented in various commercial vehicles, such as buses and special purpose trucks, because of the comfortable ride and easy height control. An evaluation of the durability of vehicle parts has been required for service life and safety starting in the early stages of design. The cyclic load applied to the vehicle can cause fatigue failure of parts, such as the suspension frame. This paper presents a method to predict the fatigue life of the suspension frame at the design stage of the air suspension system used in a heavy-duty vehicle. To estimate the fatigue life using the SN method, the Dynamic Stress Time History (DSTH) is necessary for the part of interest. DSTH can be obtained from the results of the flexible body dynamic analysis using the Belgian road simulation and the Modal Stress Recovery (MSR) method. Furthermore, the reliability of the predicted fatigue life can be evaluated by considering the variations in material properties. The probability and distribution of the expected life cycle can be obtained using experimental design with a minimum number of simulations. The advantage of using statistical methods to evaluate the life cycle is the ability to predict replacement time and the probability of failure of mass-produced parts. This paper proposes a rapid and simple method that can be effectively applied to the design of vehicle parts.
Key Words: Air suspension system, Modal stress recovery, Multibody dynamics, Flexible body dynamics, Fatigue life reliability, Pearson system
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