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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 12(3); 2011 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2011;12(3): 401-408.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-011-0047-3
THERMO-OXIDATIVE DEGRADATION OF A CARBON BLACK COMPOUNDED EPDM RUBBER HOSE
S. B. KWAK, N. S. CHOI
Hanyang University
ABSTRACT
A method to measure the crosslink density of carbon black was used to analyze the aging behavior of a radiator hose made of carbon black filled EPDM (ethylene-propylene diene monomer) rubber under thermo-oxidative stresses. The crosslink density and the strength of the skin of the rubber specimens initially decreased slightly but then increased over time. The elongation at the break considerably reduced and did not show any similarity to the behaviors of the crosslink density. A possible cause of this reaction might be from the formation of rigid sulphoxide crosslinks and the crosslinks produced by the reaction of unvalcunized sulfurs. Aging the rubber specimens at 180oC caused a slight increase in the crosslink density and a large decrease in tensile strength and elongation. The aging experiment also caused a rapid increase of microhardness in the surface skin region. The formation of carbonyl groups in EPDM molecule chains and the formation of rigid sulphoxide crosslink, rather than the crosslink density variation, may have had a large influence. The changing behaviours of the mechanical properties, molecule chains and crosslinks showed significantly different characteristics in the skin and the interior with aging temperature and time.
Key Words: Crosslink density measurement, Thermal oxidative aging, Rubber hose, Ethylene-propylene diene monomer(EPDM), Mechanical analysis
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