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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 13(4); 2012 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2012;13(4): 553-562.
FOUR-WHEEL VEHICLE KINEMATIC AND GEOMETRIC CONSTRAINTS FOR DEFINITION OF TIRE SLIP ANGLE
R. S. VIEIRA, L. C. NICOLAZZI, N. ROQUEIRO
Federal University of Santa Catarina
ABSTRACT
When considering vehicle safety, tires and all that they represent are a fundamental topic. Tire studies have received a considerable amount of attention from the research community because their improvement has a direct and strong impact on vehicle handling and braking. Within this eld of analysis lies an important behavioral feature: the tire slip angle, which is a consequence of lateral forces acting on the tire. This characteristic is predicted in some cases and evaluated experimentally in others. This paper addresses another way to assess the slip angle. We propose a mathematical model that describes a constraint linking the slip angle and steering angle that make a vehicle turn. We present a simplied kinematic model (based on the classic bicycle model) and a four-wheel model, which makes all of the angles involved compatible with each other. In our case, the match will be given by the determination of the turning radius. Two different scenarios, understeering and oversteering vehicles, were simulated, and the results and conclusions reached are presented herein.
Key Words: Slip angle, Lateral tire model, Vehicle dynamics
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