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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 13(7); 2012 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2012;13(7): 1159-1167.
FUZZY ENERGY MANAGEMENT STRATEGY FOR A HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE BASED ON DRIVING CYCLE RECOGNITION
J. WU1, C.-H. ZHANG2, N.-X. CUI1
1Shandong University
2Shandong University of Political Science and Law
ABSTRACT
By considering the effect of the driving cycle on the energy management strategy (EMS), a fuzzy EMS based on driving cycle recognition is proposed to improve the fuel economy of a parallel hybrid electric vehicle. The EMS is composed of driving cycle recognition and a fuzzy torque distribution controller. The current driving cycle is recognized by learning vector quantization in driving cycle recognition. The torque of the engine and the motor is controlled by a fuzzy torque distribution controller based on the required torque of the hybrid powertrain and the battery state of charge. The membership functions and rules of the fuzzy torque distribution controller are optimized simultaneously by using particle swarm optimization. Based on the identification results of driving cycle recognition, the fuzzy torque distribution controller selects the corresponding membership function and rule to control the hybrid powertrain. The simulation research based on ADVISOR demonstrates that this EMS improves fuel economy more effectively than fuzzy EMS without driving cycle recognition.
Key Words: Energy management strategy, Hybrid electric vehicle, Fuzzy control, Driving cycle recognition
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