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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 21(1); 2020 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2020;21(1): 103-113.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-020-0011-1
CHARACTERISTIC OF ENERGY FRACTIONS AND EMISSIONS UNDER NATURAL GAS/DIESEL DUAL-FUEL HEAVY-DUTY ENGINE IN TERMS OF THE COMBUSTION PARAMETERS
Jeongwoo Lee, Sunyoup Lee, Changgi Kim, Seokhwan Lee
Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials
PDF Links Corresponding Author.  Seokhwan Lee , Email. shlee@kimm.re.kr
ABSTRACT
In this research, it was investigated the energy fraction and emission characteristics of natural gas/diesel dualfuel combustion in terms of the combustion index such as combustion duration and mass fraction burned 50 % (MFB50) of a 6-L heavy-duty compression ignition (CI) engine. The reactivity gradient was varied by changing the diesel injection timing and natural gas energy fraction from 60 to 90 %. Engine speed was fixed at 1,200 rpm, and the total input energy from the two fuels was maintained at 11,880 J/cycle for all six cylinders. Diesel injection timing was varied from top dead center (TDC) to 40° before TDC (BTDC) (at intervals of 10°). First, the combustion parameters were analyzed in terms of differences in reactivity gradients. The main combustion parameters considered included ignition delay, combustion duration, and MFB 50. For all cases, the indicated thermal efficiency (ITE) was analyzed with respect to the energy fractions of combustion loss, heat transfer loss, and exhaust loss, to determine the main influences on combustion duration and the MFB 50. Engine-out emission was introduced as an operating parameter associated with ITE and the various losses. These values were compared to those of neat diesel combustion conditions.
Key Words: Combustion duration, Compression ignition engine, Dual-fuel combustion, Ignition delay, Natural gas, Premixed compression ignition (PCI)
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