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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 8(1); 2007 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2007;8(1): 19-25.
S. S. CHUNG, J. Y. HA, J. S. PARK, K. J. KIM, J. K. YEOM
Dong-A University
This experimental study was carried out to obtain both low emissions and high thermal efficiency by rapid bulk combustion. Two kinds of experiments were conducted to obtain fundamental data on the operation of a RI engine by a radical ignition method. First, the basic experiments were conducted to confirm rapid bulk combustion by using a{{br}}radical ignition method in a constant volume chamber (CVC). In this experiment, the combustion velocity was much{{br}}higher than that of a conventional method. Next, to investigate the desirable condition of engine operation using radical ignition, an applied experiment was conducted in an actual engine based on the basic experiment results obtained from CVC condition. A sub-chamber-type diesel engine was reconstructed using a SPI type engine with controlled injection duration and spark timing, and finally, converted to a RI engine. In this study, the operation characteristics of the RI engine were examined according to the sub-chamber’s specifications such as the sub-chamber volume and the diameter and number of passage holes. These experimental results showed that the RI engine operated successfully and was affected by the ratio of the passage hole area to the sub-chamber volume.
Key Words: Ultra lean mixture, Lean burn, Radical, Passage hole area/sub-chamber volume ratio, Bulk combustion
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