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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 11(3); 2010 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2010;11(3): 381-386.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-010-0047-8
EFFECT OF CETANE ENHANCER ON SPRAY AND COMBUSTION CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPRESSED IGNITION TYPE LPG FUEL
S. W. LEE1, Y. S. CHO1, D. S. BAIK2
1Kookmin University
2Daejin University
ABSTRACT
This research investigated the spray and combustion characteristics of compressed ignition type LPG fuel when a cetane number enhancing additive was applied to a constant volume chamber. Because LPG has a lower cetane number, DTBP and alpha olefin were added to the LPG (100% butane) to enhance the cetane number and viscosity. By adding the cetane enhancer, stable combustion over the wide range of the ambient conditions was possible as well. According to the blending rates of DTBP and alpha olefin, various proportions of LPG blended fuels were obtained. In a constant volume chamber, a high speed digital camera was also employed to visualize the combustion characteristics of LPG fuel. The combustion pressures and heat-release rates of the LPG blends were also compared at various ambient pressures. As the results of measurements of exhaust emissions, CO and HC were reduced considerably, but CO2 was increased by blending LPG with DTBP and alpha olefin.
Key Words: LPG, Compressed ignition, Cetane number, Ignition delay, Constant Volume Chamber (CVC), DTBP (Ditert-butyl peroxide)
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