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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 16(5); 2015 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2015;16(5): 885-893.
OPTIMAL PARTITION LAYOUT OF EXPANSION CHAMBER MUFFLER WITH OFFSET INLET/OUTLET
G. W. JANG1, J. W. LEE2
1Sejong University
2Ajou University
ABSTRACT
An optimal partition layout inside an expansion chamber muffler with an offset inlet/outlet is systematically designed by using topology optimization to achieve the desired characteristics in terms of acoustics and fluid mechanics. To that end, a partition volume minimization problem is formulated by applying acoustical and flow topology optimization methods. The partition volume is set as an objective function with constraints imposed on the target values of the transmission loss and pressure drop. The finite element method is employed for the acoustical and flow analyses. A design variable is assigned to each finite element such that it changes continuously between 0 and 1 to determine the state of the associated finite element. The design variables are updated during the optimization process and parameterized to converge to 0 or 1 at the end of the process. Finite elements with design variables of 1 build up rigid partitions which are optimally placed to achieve the target values of transmission loss and pressure drop. Different optimal partition layouts are obtained depending on the target frequency, the target values of transmission loss and pressure drop, and the initial values of the design variables. An experiment-based validation strongly supports the validity of the proposed muffler design method.
Key Words: Muffler design, Topology optimization, Transmission loss, Pressure drop
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