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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 12(2); 2011 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2011;12(2): 225-232.
OFF-SET CRACK PROPAGATION ANALYSIS UNDER MIXED MODE LOADINGS
A. E. ISMAIL1, A. K. ARIFFIN2, S. ABDULLAH2, M. J. GHAZALI2
1Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
2Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
ABSTRACT
An assessment was carried out herein to study the eccentricity of cracks subjected to mixed-mode loadings. Several loading locations relative to a central line were selected to induce mixed-mode loadings, which were computed using a finite element method. An adaptive meshing technique was adopted during the simulation of crack propagation to ensure the singularity of stress at the tip of the crack. The stress intensity failure criterion was used and programmed, and the node splitting technique was used when the stress intensity factor reached the fracture toughness of the material to simulate crack propagations. It was found that large variations in the stress intensity factor were observed when off-set cracks were used, and that KII decreased when loading distance increased, but increased when the off-set crack distance was increased. Both crack eccentricity and loading distance played important roles in producing mixed-mode loading, compared to the influence of central cracks. Correction factors were introduced to modify the calculation of stress intensity factors under mixed-mode loadings. Simulations of crack propagation were also conducted to study the effects of crack eccentricities and loading distances. It was found that the crack length, the loading distance relative to the central crack and the crack eccentricity dominated calculations of the integrity of cracked structures.
Key Words: Mixed-mode loading, Crack eccentricity, Stress intensity factor, Crack propagation
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