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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 17(4); 2016 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2016;17(4): 567-579.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-016-0057-2
EFFECT OF INJECTOR PARAMETERS ON THE INJECTION QUANTITY OF COMMON RAIL INJECTION SYSTEM FOR DIESEL ENGINES
Y. BAI, L. Y. FAN, X. Z. MA, H. L. PENG, E. Z. SONG
Harbin Engineering University
ABSTRACT
In this paper, the bond graph model of common rail injector was proposed in consideration of the effects of variable liquid capacitance and fuel physical property on the injection characteristics of the injector. State equations were derived based on the model, which were numerically solved by programming in Matlab. Comparisons between the simulation results and the experimental data show that the numerical model can effectively predict the injection quantity of the system. Effect of variation of delivery chamber diameter, needle seat semi-angle, needle cone semi-angle, ball valve seat semi-angle, nozzle hole diameter, inlet orifice diameter and outlet orifice diameter on fuel injection quantity had been analyzed. The influence rules of various parameters on the fuel injection quantity had been established. The experiments were conducted using face centered central composite design. A second order polynomial response surface model had been developed for predicting fuel injection quantity, as a function of the independent variables. Analysis of variation was used to determine the significance interactions which primarily affect the fuel injection quantity. It had been concluded that six interaction factors including delivery chamber diameter with nozzle hole diameter, needle seat semi-angle with needle cone semi-angle, needle seat semi-angle with nozzle hole diameter, needle cone semi-angle with nozzle hole diameter, nozzle hole diameter with inlet orifice diameter, and nozzle hole diameter with outlet orifice diameter have significant effect on the fuel injection quantity of the system.
Key Words: Common rail injection system, Injector, Bond graph, Response surface, Interactive effect
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