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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 20(6); 2019 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2019;20(6): 1089-1101.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-019-0102-z
THERMAL COMPENSATION CONTROL STRATEGY IN AUTOMATED DRY CLUTCH ENGAGEMENT DYNAMICS AND LAUNCH MANOEUVRE
Mario Pisaturo , Adolfo Senatore
University of Salerno
PDF Links Corresponding Author.  Mario Pisaturo , Email. mpisaturo@unisa.it
ABSTRACT
Repeated engagements in dry clutch systems could yield remarkable increase of clutch disk temperature. In dry clutch based transmissions like Automated Manual Transmissions and Dual Clutch Transmissions the overheating leads to poor control of gearshift quality due to unpredictable and fast change of frictional characteristic. Even permanent damage of clutch facings may occur. Under this light, this paper focusing on thermal effects to improve control performances and prevent uncomfortable engagements. To this aim, detailed analyses of dry clutch architecture have been carried out to understand the main phenomena which affect the clutch torque transmissibility. Moreover, a lumped thermal model has been developed to predict both the disk surface and cushion spring temperature in real-time environment. To validate the proposed thermal model, a non-linear least squares method has been used by comparing simulations with finite element results. A control strategy based on model predictive control and thermal compensation effects has been proposed to simulate vehicle launch manoeuvres in flat and up-hill road conditions with low and high initial clutch temperature as well. Finally, the proposed control approach has been compared with classic PI control strategy to prove its effectiveness.
Key Words: Dry-clutch, Friction coefficient, Temperature, Parameter estimation, Model predictive control, Thermal compensation
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