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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 22(3); 2021 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2021;22(3): 687-700.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-021-0064-9
A STUDY ON CURING TEMPERATURE AND FRACTURE MECHANISM OF CARBON AND GLASS FIBER REINFORCED POLYMERS USING AN ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
Tial Cuai Man, Preechar Karin, Ye Htet Lin, Patcharee Larpsuriyakul, Naoto Ohtake
1King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang
2National Science and Technology Development Agency
3Tokyo Institute of Technology
PDF Links Corresponding Author.  Preechar Karin , Email. preechar.ka@kmitl.ac.th
ABSTRACT
The morphology and nanostructure of carbon and glass fiber are investigated by using XRD, SEM and TEM analysis. The composites are divided into three groups which consists of “without post-curing”, “post-cured at 80 ºC for 6 hrs” and “post-cured at 120 ºC for 3 hrs” to investigate curing temperature effect. The mechanical properties of composites are tested in the indentation, tensile, and flexural machine with ASTM standard. According to the results, the hardness of post-curing of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) and glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) are increased approximately three-times and 5 % compared to with and without post-curing process. The tensile strength of CFRP and GFRP are approximately 458 MPa and 385 MPa, while post-cured at 120 ºC for the three-hour results are 490 MPa and 433 MPa respectively. In contrast, composites of treated fiber are not improved mechanical strength significantly for CFRP, while GFRP are slightly increased by 7 %. On the other hand, the flexural strength of treated carbon and glass fiber of composite are increased to 3 % and 15 % respectively. Higher temperature and treated fiber composites of carbon fiber are not significantly improved because high temperature curing and treated fiber created more porous to occur fracture internally.
Key Words: Carbon fiber, Composite material, Electron microscopy, Fracture mechanism, Glass fiber, Nanostructure
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