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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 19(5); 2018 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2018;19(5): 759-769.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-018-0073-5
EFFECTS OF RESIDUAL ASH ON DPF CAPTURE AND REGENERATION
Yingxin Cui, Yixi Cai, Runlin Fan, Yunxi Shi, Linbo Gu, Xiaoyu Pu, Jing Tian
Jiangsu University
ABSTRACT
To study the effects of residual ash on the capture and regeneration of a diesel particulate filter (DPF), repeated capture and complete regeneration experiments were conducted. An engine exhaust particulate sizer was used to measure the particle size distribution of diesel in the front and back of DPF. Discrepancies in the size distribution of the particulate matter in repeated trapping tests were analyzed. To achieve complete DPF regeneration, a DPF regeneration system using nonthermal plasma technology was established. The regeneration carbon removal mass and peak temperatures of DPF internal measuring points were monitored to evaluate the effect of regeneration. The mechanism explaining the influence of residual ash on DPF capture and regeneration was thoroughly investigated. Results indicate that the DPF trapping efficiencies of the nuclear-mode particles and ultrafine particles have significant improvements with the increase quantity of residual ash, from 90 % and 96.01 % to 94.17 % and 97.27 %, respectively. The exhaust backpressure of the DPF rises from 9.41 kPa to 11.24 kPa. Heat transfer in the DPF is improved with ash, and the peak temperatures of the measuring points accordingly increase. By comparing the regeneration trials, the elapsed time for complete regeneration and time difference for reaching the peak temperature between adjacent reaction interfaces are extended with increased quantity of ash. The carbon removal mass rises by 34.00 %.
Key Words: Diesel engine, Diesel particulate filter, Particulate matter, Regeneration, Ash, Non-thermal plasma
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